In general this shall include the stop for the vehicle check of a day. However, the law considers the installation of a LPG or Natural Gas implant as a modification to the characteristics of the vehicle, consequently it requires the updating of the Registration Certificate. This means an examination, so-called testing, at the offices of the DVM Provincial Motor Vehicle where it is located the specialized garage that carries out the change. This prolong the stop of the stop for the vehicle check for a few days. Passed the examination and the test, the office of the DVM Provincial Motor Vehicle updates the Registration Certificate through the release of a self-adhesive coupon to be shown on it or though the release of a duplicate of the Registration Certificate.
The law provides different amounts depending on whether you purchase a new vehicle gas-fired approved or a new vehicle transformed into gas-powered, or in the case in which you transform into gas-powered a vehicle already on the road. LPG and Natural Gas are cheaper than petrol and diesel.
Prices will drop in the case of incentives to buy or to transform the vehicle. The law provides exceptional checks when the cylinder has been in an accident, it has been in a fire or it was reinstalled after have been dismounted by another vehicle. Regarding the LPG tanks, these should be tested periodically every 10 years. Yes, but far less as it used to be. Il Giornale Di Brescia 04 Maggio - ar. Informazioni, contatti, recensioni e servizi online per Energia solare ed energie.
Now save with free Gasoline coupon codes and discount promo codes to Gasoline at PromosGo. Energia solare ed energie alternative impianti e componenti a Milano su Overplace. Join Facebook to connect with Matteo Mx Invernizzi and others you may know. The main product lines of the Industrial Chemicals division are:. BASF's customers use industrial chemicals in the production of their own higher-value products. The construction industry is the largest end-market for the Industrial Chemicals division's products, followed by the furniture, cable and wire, automotive, sporting goods, packaging and clothing industries.
Many of the Industrial Chemicals division's products constitute an interim level within BASF's value-adding chains, serving as precursors for many final products. The principal raw materials used by the division are ethylene, propylene, butenes, synthesis gas, methanol, o-xylene, phenol, melamine and urea. BASF produces all of these products, except o-xylene and phenol, for captive use. These internal transfers include major amounts of oxo alcohols, phthalic anhydride and formaldehyde to create higher-value products.
This captive use within BASF provides steady demand that helps maintain good capacity utilization levels at the division's production plants. The Industrial Chemicals division's goal is to increase sales in Asia and North America by expanding its production capacity in these regions, primarily to support BASF operations but also to meet the needs of external customers.
Cost leadership is vital for the Industrial Chemicals division due to the commodity pricing structure for many of its products. BASF believes its integrated approach to manufacturing at world-scale plants helps the division control costs and compete effectively in its key product areas.
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Offering customers innovative products, especially in the areas of glues, resins and plasticizers, is also important for BASF to maintain a competitive advantage. Plasticizers and Plasticizer Raw Materials. BASF offers a broad range of plasticizers, which are used in chemical processes to make rigid plastics flexible. These products include standard plasticizers based on phthalic anhydride under the trade name Palatinol R as well as specialty plasticizers under the trade names Plastomoll R and Palamoll R. BASF also markets the plasticizer precursors phthalic anhydride and higher plasticizer range alcohols.
BASF sells these products globally, and the construction and cable and wire industries are the primary end-markets. BASF offers a wide range of oxygenated, halogen-free solvents that are used to dissolve other chemicals and facilitate chemical reactions. BASF's particular strengths are in oxo alcohols, acetates, glycol ethers and glycol ether acetates as well as in the specialty solvents dimethylformamide DMF , dimethylacetamide DMAC and cyclohexanone.
BASF sells most of these products globally and primarily to the coatings, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics industries. BASF offers a wide variety of tailor-made, wood-to-wood adhesives. These adhesives are used to bond particles in the production of chipboard and for the surface bonding of wooden components.
BASF also produces impregnating resins, which are used to manufacture decorative paper. The primary market for these products is Europe. Production capacity for the major products in the Industrial Chemicals division is as follows:. Some of this division's customers are also competitors of BASF. The Industrial Chemicals division produces commodities characterized by cyclicality in pricing. The market for plasticizers and oxo alcohols is characterized by excess capacity, which has resulted in stiff competition and pricing pressure. Competition in the market for industrial chemicals is based on strong customer relationships, comprehensive product services and price.
The primary competitors of BASF's Industrial Chemicals division are a diverse number of medium and large chemical companies. BASF is the world's largest producer of oxo alcohols and second largest producer of plasticizers. The Intermediates division manufactures approximately products that are sold to approximately 3, customers worldwide. These customers typically purchase the division's chemical precursors to create higher-value chemicals. Customers of the Intermediates division are largely active in the manufacture of surfactants, plastics, polyurethanes, textile fibers, resins, paints, colorants, pharmaceuticals and crop protection products.
The division also consumes by-products of other BASF chemical operations, thus adding value to otherwise wasted product streams. The principal raw materials that the division uses are methanol, formaldehyde, acetylene, C4 aldehyde, acrylonitrile, ammonia, ethylene oxide, ethylene, chlorine, benzene and nitric acid.
Many of the Intermediates division's products are resilient to economic cycles, making the division a steady and solid contributor to BASF's profitability. The division's products are often the result of multi-stage production processes within BASF before intermediates are sold to external customers. The division, however, also satisfies high demand within BASF for cost-efficient precursors for the production of crop protection products, pharmaceuticals, paint resins, plastics, adhesives, dyes, pigments and process chemicals for the textile, leather and paper industries.
The keys to the Intermediates division's success are achieving technological and cost leadership, offering customized products and, increasingly, developing a global production presence. To achieve technological and cost leadership, BASF participates in targeted research and process development programs for new, efficient world-scale production sites.
The Intermediates division cooperates with key customers to develop new, tailor-made products. To increase its global presence, the Intermediates division intends to expand its operations outside of Europe, particularly in Asia with a major focus on the new Verbund sites in Kuantan, Malaysia, and Nanjing, China, as well as the production site in Ulsan, Korea. BASF is specifically aiming to build on its existing global leadership position in the production of diols and to expand its production of amines to capture an increased share of global markets. BASF is one of the world's largest producers of amines, which are principally used to make laundry and cleaning products, process chemicals and crop protection products.
BASF offers approximately different amines worldwide. Key products include aniline manufactured mainly for captive use within BASF , ethanolamines, ethyleneamines, alkylamines, alkylalkanolamines and specialty amines. BASF is the world's largest manufacturer of diols, which are chemical building blocks for products such as plastics, polyurethanes, fibers and paints.
Key products include 1,4-butanediol, tetrahydrofuran, PolyTHF R , gamma-butyrolactone, N-methylpyrrolidone, hexanediol and neopentylglycol. BASF sells and produces diols globally. Carboxylic Acids and Miscellaneous Intermediates. This product group includes formic acid, propionic acid and adipic acid as well as various chemical specialties that include alcoholates, formamide and triphenylphosphine.
These chemicals can be used, for example, to manufacture preservatives for the feed and food industries, auxiliaries for textile and leather applications as well as health and nutrition products. The Intermediates division sells these products mainly in Europe and Asia. BASF's strategy is to increase sales in Asia by focusing capital expenditures on this region. Carboxy and Dyestuff Intermediates. BASF manufactures carbonyl chloride derivatives, dialdehydes and imidazoles.
These chemicals are often used in the manufacture of paper, polymers, textiles and leather products. BASF sells this division's products through its own sales force as well as through distributors. A significant majority of the Intermediates division's products are resilient to economic cycles, but the division also manufactures products that are commodities and characterized by cyclicality in pricing.
The trend toward commodity pricing is increasing. The competitors of the Intermediates division range from major industry participants to smaller, specialized chemical companies. While BASF competes mainly on the basis of price, product offering and quality along with customer service are important for success. BASF is among the top three producers worldwide in its four intermediates business sectors. Approximately 10 medium to large companies compete globally in the amines market. The Specialty Chemicals division, which is one of the world's largest manufacturers of high-value chemicals, produces more than 1, products that are sold to over 4, customers worldwide in more than 50 major industries.
The Specialty Chemicals division supplies products to the detergent, paper and cleaning products industries, including surfactants and chelates used to produce paper and cleansing agents. It supplies anti-freeze and brake fluids to the automotive industry as well as fuel and lubricant additives to the mineral oil industry. The division also sells ethylene glycol to manufacturers of polyester fibers, films and PET polyethylene terephthalate plastic bottles.
The division's electroplating chemicals are used in the electronics industry and its biocides are used for disinfection in various applications. Products of the Specialty Chemicals division often represent the end products of several significant value-adding chains within BASF's Verbund. BASF's approach to integration gives the Specialty Chemicals division an advantage over small and medium-sized companies that lack the cost advantages of integration. The most important chains from which the division benefits are based on derivatives of ethylene as well as the raw materials propylene, isobutene and hydrocyanic acid.
BASF is among the world's largest producers of ethylene oxide, which is a derivative of ethylene, and offers a large variety of products based on this chemical. BASF's goal is to become one of the world's leading producers of nonionic surfactants based on ethylene oxide, both through acquisitions and by expanding its production capacity. Surfactants enhance cleansing efficiency and are used, for example, in household detergents and dishwashing agents as well as in industrial and institutional cleaning applications.
BASF acquired and successfully integrated the U. The new nonionic surfactants plant at BASF's site in Geismar, Louisiana, will make a significant contribution to the company's already strong market position. BASF is a leading nonionic surfactants manufacturer in the European market. The Specialty Chemicals division's goal is to expand its regional presence outside of Europe, particularly for surfactants in North America and for glycols in Asia. The division also aims to work closely with customers to develop higher-value products, especially in the detergent industry.
BASF is actively expanding its marketing activities and production capacity in the Asia-Pacific region to achieve medium and long-term growth. The Specialty Chemicals division's products are largely based on four value-adding chains: ethylene, isobutene, hydrocyanic acid and propylene. The division sells its products worldwide, but sales are concentrated mostly in Europe and the United States.
Ethylene derivative chemistry products form the core of the Specialty Chemicals division. These products are used mainly to produce surfactants, glycols and glycol ethers. BASF produces nonionic surfactants, which are often used in detergents, that are based on aliphatic alcohols and ethylene oxide or on block polymers that are produced by combining ethylene oxide and propylene oxide. BASF is one of Europe's largest ethylene glycol producers, a product used in anti-freeze in the automotive industry.
BASF also supplies ethylene glycol to polyester manufacturers for the production of fibers, films and PET plastic bottles. Waxes synthesized from ethylene also are used in various surface treatment applications for automobiles and floors. BASF is one of the world's largest global suppliers of polyisobutene and its derivatives, such as polyisobuteneamine, which are part of the isobutene value-adding chain. The key markets for fuel additives are North America and Europe.
Polyisobutene is marketed directly to motor oil additive manufacturers. Hydrocyanic Acid Derivative Chemistry. BASF produces several chelating agents based on hydrocyanic acid that are used to manufacture paper and detergents and also serve as process chemicals in various industries. Applications include paper manufacturing, electroplating, laundry products and photographic chemicals.
Propylene oxide is synthesized within the Specialty Chemicals division from propylene and serves as a base for a wide variety of products including surfactants, hydraulic fluids, solvents and propylene glycols. Another product of the propylene value-adding chain is acrylic acid, which is used to manufacture dispersants and auxiliary chemicals for detergents and water treatment. BASF sells products from the Specialty Chemicals division through its own sales force, as well as through wholesalers.
Some of the division's customers are also competitors of other BASF divisions. Competition varies significantly in the markets for the division's numerous products. In the markets for some basic products, such as ethylene glycol, competition is based mainly on price. Competition in the markets for high-value products, such as specialty surfactants and fuel additives, is based mainly on product offering and quality and product performance. Competitors in the industry range from a large number of small, specialized chemical manufacturers to the world's largest global chemical companies.
BASF is one of the world's leading plastics and fiber products manufacturers based on sales and offers one of the industry's most comprehensive product ranges. The segment buys a number of raw materials externally but does not rely on any dominant supplier. Europe is BASF's core market for plastics. BASF is also expanding existing production sites, application centers and sales offices in the segment's major markets as well as establishing and acquiring new sites to serve emerging growth markets such as Asia and South America.
BASF's goal is to strengthen its position as one of the leading global competitors in the plastics and fibers industry. In , the segment's capital expenditures were E million and totaled more than E2 billion between and BASF's expansion in the region already includes the world's largest ABS plastic production plant in Ulsan, Korea, which began operations in , as well as a production site in Nanjing, China. The Nanjing site, where BASF also plans to build a major Verbund site, currently produces the complete styrene value-adding chain and includes plants for ethylbenzene, styrene, polystyrene and expandable polystyrene.
Elenac and Targor had total combined sales in of approximately E3 billion and income from operations of approximately E million. BASF intends to account for the new joint venture, which is expected to begin operations in the second half of , on an equity basis. Research has focused on improving existing manufacturing processes and developing cost-effective manufacturing alternatives. Developing partnerships and collaborating with customers on new applications and products is also important to the segment's research and development efforts.
BASF, the inventor of polystyrene, is one of a small number of global producers of styrenic polymers, supplying approximately principal customers in all major geographic markets of the world. The Styrenic Polymers division supplies customers with plastics to make thousands of products ranging from food containers and housings for consumer products to foamed boards for building insulation. Polystyrene, which can be used in both rigid or foamed applications, is an easy-to-process material and offers an excellent price-to-performance ratio compared to alternative materials, giving it an advantage in.
BASF believes similar growth opportunities exist for the division's two major products used in building insulation - Styropor R and Styrodur R. For example, by purchasing from BASF both benzene and ethylene to manufacture styrene, a precursor for polystyrene, the division benefits from efficiencies in logistics and lower transportation costs. In addition, BASF's Verbund provides the division with a reliable source for precursors, even during periods of short supply. The division's principal raw materials are benzene, ethylene, butadiene rubber and pentane. BASF believes that achieving cost and technology leadership, as well as strengthening its global presence, are crucial to ensuring the continued competitiveness of its styrenic polymers products.
Through acquisitions and capacity expansions, BASF has completed the first phase of a globalization strategy aimed at producing polystyrene and expanded polystyrene products on a regional basis in all major markets. Major projects in included:. As a result of these activities, BASF currently operates polystyrene plants in what it considers to be the world's most important markets. It will continue to expand in the Asian and South American growth markets through debottlenecking and the addition of new capacities. The main focus in Europe is to consolidate and upgrade the ethylbenzene and styrene operations and streamline polystyrene production capacity at existing European sites.
The concentration of production, the closure of production lines and workforce reductions are a vital part of the restructuring efforts in BASF's polystyrene business, and led to improved overall competitiveness in BASF also achieved improvements in its logistics and cost reductions as a result of the restructuring project for its foams business in Europe. BASF is focused on achieving sustained rates of return in each market of the Styrenic Polymers division before pursuing further expansion. BASF's polystyrene products range from rigid and transparent general-purpose plastics to high impact-resistant grades that customers shape using injection molding, extrusion and blow molding.
BASF sells polystyrene globally and ships it to customers in granulate form. In , Neopor R , a new product with superior insulation capabilities, will be broadly introduced in the European market. BASF sells expandable polystyrene globally and ships it to customers in the form of beads. Insulation manufacturers transform the beads into foam boards for sale to wholesalers.
Other customers transform the beads into shape-molded parts for packaging. Expandable polystyrene's advantages include heat insulation, high compressive strength, shock absorption, low weight and moisture resistance. It is a green, extruded, rigid polystyrene foam that is made using environmentally friendly carbon dioxide as a blowing agent.
Styrodur R is a leading product in the building insulation market, where BASF sells it to wholesalers in the form of foam boards. Sales of the Styrodur R product line, which offers heat insulation, low water absorption and compressive strength, are concentrated in Europe. Sales are concentrated in Europe and North and South America. It is a flexible foam material that absorbs sound and offers high heat resistance and good flame retardant attributes. The product's primary markets are Europe, the United States and Japan. The Styrenic Polymers division sells products primarily through its own regional sales force, supported by BASF technical and marketing experts.
The market for styrenic polymers is global and characterized by narrowing margins, price competition and a push toward greater commodity-based pricing. Competition is predominantly based on price, followed by quality and, increasingly, on global delivery capabilities. The division's major customers require that top suppliers have a global presence and provide accompanying services, such as technical support and reliable delivery. Demand for styrenic polymers continues to rise due to overall economic growth in both industrial and emerging markets. To address these trends, BASF is seeking cost and technology leadership and is expanding its production and marketing presence to all major markets.
BASF is one of the world's leading producers of engineering plastics. BASF's Engineering Plastics division produces one of the industry's broadest product ranges for highly specialized applications. The division sells its products to approximately 1, customers worldwide. The customer base consists largely of high-performance plastic molders and a variety of plastic component manufacturers in the automotive, consumer electronics, electrical equipment and packaging industries.
Many of Engineering Plastics division's products have chemical and physical properties that enable them to withstand high temperatures and to resist chemical exposure to corrosives and solvents. These properties make the products less susceptible to physical damage in a variety of high performance applications. BASF has played an active role in the automotive industry's shift from metals to plastics to lower vehicle weight and production costs and to improve fuel efficiency.
The Engineering Plastics division often works with suppliers to automotive manufacturers to develop specific applications for parts such as engine components, airbag housings and electronic connectors. BASF's Ultramid R plastic, for example, is one of the world's leading products used in manufacturing automotive engine manifolds.
The division purchases most of its. By purchasing from within BASF, the division generates efficiencies in logistics and savings in energy, transportation, purchasing and infrastructure costs. The Engineering Plastics division sells virtually all of its products to external customers. Customers of the Engineering Plastics division often rate product performance and customer support as important, but prices are becoming an increasingly critical factor in choosing a supplier.
To compete effectively, the Engineering Plastics division must contain costs by consolidating its product line and replacing older plants with new, world-scale plants that provide significant economies of scale. In addition to containing costs, it is paramount for BASF to have preferred supplier status with global customers, many of whom demand collaboration in the development of specific plastic applications. Preferred supplier status ensures early involvement in a customer's projects and fosters close and lasting business relationships.
Engineering plastics are sold in the form of pellets, enabling customers to manufacture an array of specific components for high-performance applications. It offers superior surface quality, colorfastness and luster. Luran R S is the trade name for BASF's styrene copolymer plastic modified with rubber to make it durable against weathering, aging and chemicals. It is transparent, chemical and dishwasher resistant and offers a high degree of stiffness and resistance to temperature change. It offers transparency, luster, toughness and resistance against chemicals.
Luranyl R is the trade name for BASF's blend of plastics that offers high heat resistance, high dimensional stability, hot water resistance and low moisture absorption. It offers toughness and strength as well as both heat and chemical resistance. It features high stiffness, strength, dimensional stability and aging resistance. It offers high stiffness and strength, resilience and low wear. They are used in high performance applications that exceed the capabilities of other plastics.
These products can replace other plastics such as thermosets as well as metals and ceramics. The most important features of Ultrason R are stiffness, mechanical strength and its ability to perform continuously at high temperatures. Other important features include electrical insulation properties and dimensional stability.
Production capacity for the major products in the Engineering Plastics division is as follows:.
BASF sells engineering plastics products primarily through its own regional sales force. These centers not only help customers develop applications but also independently research new markets and applications in which plastics can replace more conventional materials, such as metal or wood. The Engineering Plastics division's leading customers, particularly in the automotive industry, are primarily global companies that demand uniform worldwide standards for products and services in all major markets of the world.
The engineering plastics business is a specialized one and competition is based more on product quality than on price. However, some of the products within the division's styrene copolymers group have also become commodity-like, and price is becoming an increasingly important factor for many customers when choosing suppliers. To maintain a solid customer base, BASF must achieve cost leadership and secure preferred supplier status with customers.
BASF is also expanding the Engineering Plastics division's activities in Asia, a region where many customers have relocated operations, to support both regional consumption and exports. Plastics activities are a significant part of the portfolio for all of these global competitors. BASF's Polyurethanes division is one of the world's three largest producers of polyurethane, an important specialty plastic used to produce a wide spectrum of rigid, flexible, foamed and compact components for consumer products.
A polyurethane is a polymer that is produced through the reaction of two liquid chemicals: an isocyanate and a polymeric alcohol a polyol. Polyurethane customers buy these liquid chemicals and combine them at their own manufacturing sites to produce polyurethane foams or parts. BASF's polyurethane products are often used to make a variety of automotive parts, including bumpers, steering wheels and instrument panels.
BASF's polyurethanes can also be found in household goods, such as mattresses and upholstery, and in sports equipment, such as in-line skates and athletic shoes. The fashion industry is increasingly using BASF's polyurethanes, particularly to manufacture synthetic leathers. The customers then apply their own technology to formulate the liquid basic materials so that, when combined, they will react and solidify into a material with particular properties.
The Polyurethanes division sells these specially formulated, tailor-made isocyanates and polyols to customers. When the customer combines them, these liquid chemicals react and solidify into a material that possesses the technical properties specified by the customer. The Polyurethanes division also sells polyurethane special elastomers, which are specialized end-products used mainly in the automotive and electrical industry.
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The Polyurethanes division's principal raw materials are toluene, benzene and propylene. These purchases from within BASF generate efficiencies in logistics and savings in energy, transportation, purchasing and infrastructure costs. The Polyurethanes division sells the vast majority of its products to external customers. BASF offers its polyurethane basic materials, systems and specialized end-products to numerous customers that require a high degree of application technology. The Polyurethanes division sells its products to a variety of industries, some of which are highly concentrated, such as the automotive and electrical appliance industries, and others that are highly fragmented, such as the shoe and construction industries.
The keys to the Polyurethane division's success are maintaining low costs and establishing a global presence for polyurethane basic materials, and maintaining strong relationships with customers for polyurethane systems and special elastomers. To reduce basic material costs, the division is increasing capacity utilization at existing plants and shifting production from older, less efficient plants to new, world-scale plants that offer substantial economies of scale. In addition, the division benchmarks its production processes against those of its competitors to further its streamlining efforts.
To establish a global presence for basic materials, the Polyurethanes division is investing in additional production capacity in Europe, North America and Asia, which are the primary markets for the three. For polyurethane systems and special elastomers, strong relationships with leading industry customers are crucial because of the highly individualized nature of these products. To strengthen its relationships with customers, BASF has established a global network of system houses, which are production sites, that work closely with customers to provide specially formulated products for individual needs.
The Polyurethanes division currently has 23 system houses around the world in locations near customers, and BASF intends to establish or acquire more.
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The Polyurethanes division sells basic materials globally to customers that make polyurethane plastics by reacting isocyanates with polyols. MDI is a versatile chemical that can be used to make flexible foams as well as semi-rigid and rigid polyurethane plastics. Polyether polyols are combined with isocyanates to make virtually all polyurethane products, other than those made with polyester polyols. Polyester polyols are combined with isocyanates to make primarily semi-rigid polyurethane plastics. BASF's worldwide systems group offers tailor-made polyurethane products for a wide variety of applications.
The systems are grouped according to the combination of their properties, for example, rigid, flexible or semi-rigid. BASF develops ready-to-use polyurethane systems for customers, fulfilling the customers' specific engineering requirements, at its system houses around the world. Automotive OEM original equipment manufacturer suppliers comprise a significant customer group for polyurethane systems. The automotive and electrical industries are the major customers for these products.
Elastollan R is based on both polyether polyols and polyester polyols. It is supplied in granular form to customers who use it primarily to make flexible plastic cable coverings. Customers for these products are primarily in the automotive and cable and wire industries. BASF is the world's largest producer of cellular elastomers and sells them, for example, as molded end-products for use as shock absorbers and buffers in the automotive industry and as components in sports equipment. The Polyurethanes division markets its products on two different levels.
First, the division sells globally as commodities its polyurethane basic products. Second, the division sells globally as customized, ready-to-use products its polyurethane systems and special elastomers, which comprise more than half of the division's products based on volume.
BASF's 23 system houses located around the world act as distribution channels for all of the Polyurethanes division's products. Elastogran has four manufacturing locations in Germany and six throughout the rest of Europe. Global demand for all polyurethane products continues to rise because of general economic growth in both industrial and emerging markets. The market for polyurethanes basic materials is characterized by some cyclicality, but less so than the market for most other standard plastics, primarily because polyurethane basic materials are relatively specialized and are produced pursuant to proprietary technologies that BASF possesses.
Competition in the market for basic materials is based primarily on price, although product quality and technical application assistance are also important to customers. The markets for polyurethane systems and special elastomers are even less cyclical than that for polyurethane basic materials. Competition in the market for polyurethane systems and special elastomers is based primarily on a supplier's ability to satisfy customers' technical application needs by providing tailor-made formulations of isocyanates and polyols and also on a supplier's ability to accommodate customers' just-in-time approach to manufacturing by delivering customized products quickly and at the appropriate time.
Strong customer relationships are important in the markets for these products.
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BASF is the third largest producer based on volume, after Dow and Bayer, of polyurethane basic materials and systems. The Fiber Products division is a global leader in the production of nylon fibers and intermediates. BASF supplies more than a fifth of the total annual world production, based on volume, of caprolactam, a key ingredient needed to manufacture the precursor polycaprolactam for nylon 6 -- one of two major types of nylon. The division's products are found in numerous items used in daily life, particularly in carpets, clothing and other textiles, and also in high-performance engineering plastics made from nylon fibers.
The Fiber Products division produces two types of nylon - nylon 6 and nylon 6,6. Nylon 6 is made from caprolactam and is used in tufted, knitted and woven fabrics, such as carpets and apparel, in molded plastics and in tires. Nylon 6,6 is made from adipic acid and hexamethylene diamine and is used in home furnishings and, like nylon 6, in woven fabrics and apparel.
BASF is continuing to strengthen its position as the world's largest producer of nylon 6, with major nylon intermediate manufacturing sites in North America and Europe.